The Hopi and Their Jewelry

Hopi Silver Overlay Jewelry

The jewelry of the Hopi has a style distinct from that of the other Native Americans. The Hopi are known for the use of silver overlay, which utilizes a technique of fusing two layers of silver. The eye-catching and often elaborate design is on the top layer, while the bottom layers serves as a base.

It was not so long ago that the Hopi developed this technique. In fact the Hopi were not much into the making of silver. In their relative isolation on the northeastern Arizona high plains, or mesas, they were somewhat firewalled (so to speak) against external influences. Even their interaction with other Native Americans was limited.

Silversmithing of Native Americans

So while the Navajo learned and developed their silversmithing skills, a technique brought to the south-west of the American continent by the Spaniards, and which was then taken up by the Zuni, the Hopi were still practicing their own artistic heritage based on weaving and pottery. They were also adept at the making of kachina dolls, for which they deservedly remain renowned.

Time, of course, would not stand still, and even reliably isolated communities began to open up. Trading and commerce grew and the Hopi through their interaction with the Zuni exposed them to the craft of silver jewelry, at which the Zuni were now skilled. Lanyade, a Zuni, learned his silversmithing from the Navajo, and began to sell his silver jewelry. He travelled among the Hopi and Sikyatala became his student in 1898.

Sikyatala

Sikyatala is credited to be the first Hopi silversmith. It is reported that while Lanyade was at the Hopi reservation for four months, making and selling his silver jewelry pieces, Sikyatala was studiously observing and learning from the master at close range.

Sikyatala then began to use the technique of making silver jewelry. Other Hopi also began to follow and emulate the work of Sikyatala. In time the Hopi developed their own style, that of using overlay silver.

Hopi Silversmiths Paul Saufie and Fred Kabote

This technique did not so much evolve as was created by the Hopi silversmiths Paul Saufkie and Fred Kabote who were involved in a program at the Museum of Northern Arizona in 1938. After World War II the Hopi Guild was formed to encourage a program of silversmith training .

The designs of the silver overlay jewelry of the Hopi were also unique in that they adapted designs from the old broken pottery pieces of the 15th and 16th centuries. New motifs were also incorporated by the Hopi Guild, including kachina symbols.

The cross-currents in Native American jewelry nowdays mean that there are cross-influences as well. And different styles from the different currents may well find themselves evident in any piece of modern American Native jewelry.

But the fascinating development of Native American silversmiths and their crafts, in their different streams of artistic design, does not entirely obscure the original creativity. The silver overlay technique was the creation of the Hopi, even if it may now be employed by others.

Michael Kabotie

In ending, it may be noted that the work of Fred Kabote was continued by his son Michael Kabote (also spelled 'Kabotie'). Michael Kabotie recently passed away at the age of 67. He was a trail-blazer in the Native American fine arts movement, both as a Hopi artist and jeweler. His paintings were well-received, depicting traditional Hopi life. For a number of years, he also tapped the Hopi overlay technique at the Idyllwild Arts program in Southern California.

Avoiding Common Mistakes in Furniture Arrangement

Proper furniture arrangement can be the key towards making your home look more appealing.

Of course, it is a common experience for a lot of homeowners to have a little confused about how to organize their furniture. Keeping things in order can be a real challenge for the unaware. Not knowing where certain furniture should be placed can mean you will have a hard time figuring things out once you need to do the actual arrangement.

This dilemma can be avoided if you will keep a few practical pointers in mind. Read on and I will share some effective tips to help make furniture arrangement as easy as it should be.

1. Decide how much furniture should be displayed.

Instead of displaying all the furniture you own, a wiser idea is to simply select the best ones. Check their current condition and decide which of them describes being displayed. Begin with your biggest furniture pieces because they are harder to get rid of.

If you are planning to sell your home, you'd want the prospective buyers to focus on your properties instead of its displays. This can be a little tricky to pull off but setting your own limits can be more rewarding in the long run.

2. Determine a room's purpose and set a focal point.

It is highly critical for every room to have its own function. Doing so will allow you to decide which furniture should go to which room. Your couch, for example, describes to be in your family room since that's where family members gather to watch television or enjoy activities together.

Also, setting a focal point can make any room feel a little more organized. Whether it's a nice bookcase or a headboard, you will have fewer problems achieving a cleaner look for your home.

3. Group appropriate furniture together.

Only after deciding the room's focal point would you be ready to group different furniture together.

Think about it – which furniture pieces are commonly displayed together? The quick answer for this is that chairs and desks are partners. A table, on the other hand, will be perfect for your sofa. Speaking of which, coffee tables should be big enough.

These are some of the things that you can do to ensure that you have a well-organized home. By following these general rules, you will be able to minimize the clutter and achieve your home's full potential.

Cooking for Beginners

There is a lot of learning that must be done in order to
become a good cook and then there is becoming a great cook.
But that takes time and plenty of dishes that could have
came out better – and they will-someday. But that's OK
everyone starts somewhere. And the best place to start
cooking for beginners is in the kitchen, of course.

Naturally, there is all kinds of cooking: American, Chinese,
Japanese, Indian, European and etc. All of these types of
cooking takes time and training to learn how to master the
basics. But it can be done because it has been by many
already.

Maybe you are not the best cook yet and maybe that may never
happen. But always remember that someone is not quite as
good as you. Probably you'll be better than most ever will
be. OK so much for having the right attitude and
self-esteem.

Whatever your reason for cooking or learning to cook you
should always begin with the basics. The first thing that
you need to learn is what the different terminology you will
find in recipes actually means. There are many new and
sometimes foreign sounding terms that you will find in
common recipes. These terms can mean the difference in
recipe success or failure. You should be able to find a good
section in any inclusive cookbook that explains the
different definitions for unfamiliar terminology. If you
are not absolutely certain what is meant by "folding in the
eggs "it is in your best interests to look it up.

So take this valuable hint: Try simple recipes at first and
then get a little braver by tackling a few more difficult
dishes. Many recipes will tell you just how difficult it is
to make. But you will soon know by just looking at the
recipe.

Another good idea is that once you get some experience with
different (successful) dishes, make yourself a catalog or
diary of dishes that went over well. Put the date and
comments in the diary.

This will come in handy when you just do not know what to
cook or a special occasion is coming and you want to be sure
to make it successful and fun.

As you learn new recipes and improve your culinary skills
and talents you will discover that preparing your own meals
from scratch is much more rewarding than preparing
prepackaged meals that are purchased from the shelves of
your local supermarkets. You will also discover as your
experience and confidence grows that you will find yourself
more and more often improving as you go and adjusting
recipes to meet your personal preferences.

So what's the secret to learning the basics and becoming a
good cook? Just do it! (over and over).

How to Reduce Your Weight in a Week

Here’s how to reduce your weight in a week… or possibly less. I’m going to share with you a few less popular secets… things you may have heard about but really didn’t understand how they relate to weight loss. If you’re interested in perhaps learning something new about reducing fat, then read this now.

How to Reduce your Weight in a Week

1. Consider using Extra Virgin Coconut Oil

This is definitely not your typical weight loss product. It isn’t even categoried as a weight loss product. BUT IT IS. In fact, if I was forced to choose any weight loss “supplement” to take for 2 weeks in order to lose a lot of weight fast, I’d be taking this stuff.

Natural coconut oil is a healthy fat. It’s good for you… so don’t freak out about it being a fat. Don’t worry about that. The bad fats come from things in packages… manmade things. Coconuts are from nature.

Anyway, you’ll want the coconut oil that has “extra virgin” or “cold pressed” on the label… this is for purity and processing reasons. Once you get it, you simply need to take 1 tablespoon twice a day between meals on an empty stomach.

It’s common for women… and men, to lose 5 or more pounds in less than 2 weeks. The cost is about $12… so it’s not a big risk for you to take.

2. Organic apple cider vinegar

This thing is NASTY. But, people who are serious about losing weight will overlook that. I do. I love the stuff because it helps me to maintain my weight and lose weight whenever I need to drop a couple pounds, but I also hate it because it just tastes awful. A way around this is to just douse it on a salad or your foods this way it blends in and you won’t taste it as much. I however take it straight. I take a gulp of it before meals to help break down the fats and carbs in those foods.

It OBLITERATES them. When using organic apple cider vinegar, your food gets digested much faster and more efficient. This obviously helps with weight loss.

I recommend taking about a tablespoon before 2 meals… everyday.

These are 2 very good tips on how to reduce your weight in a week… so USE THEM.